Studying the German language, it is imperative to learn the rules of German grammar well – it is extremely important, although it is one of the most difficult (if compared with other European languages). However, this is basic knowledge and cannot be ignored. In fact, the systematic, logical German with the right approach allows you to learn grammar without problems. One way is to use tables and charts.
The rules of the German grammar in tabular form is easier to understand, to remember. To make the process even more efficient – we recommend using not only ready-made options, but also compile your own tables, charts based on the material developed with the teacher. It almost guarantees 100% learning and the possibility of their effective use.
Parts of speech german language
Here is one example that allows you to learn parts of speech in German. The grammar originates from the analysis of parts of speech: they can be independent and service:
Important: for all parts of speech of an independent type, the middle genus is characteristic.
Reading German words
Here are a few tables to help you learn the principle of reading, taking into account the rules of the grammar of the German language:
Some typical rules:
for all dual consonants, the transmission of one sound and the reduction of the vowel before them are characteristic;
double consonants should be read and pronounced as one elongated sound;
h do not read after the vowel, but only prolong the vowel. H is clearly pronounced only if it is at the beginning of a word;
if you need to write in German Slavic full name with the letters u, e, i, for their transmission use: ju, jo, ja;
The letter r is pronounced differently. If at the beginning of a word – it is necessary to say a little burry, in the middle – quietly, but distinctly, at the end – passing into vocalized a;
two or more people agree in a row indicate the need to reduce the forward public.
Interesting to know!
Earlier we already talked about the Perfekt past tense form, and also mentioned that this is just one of the forms. The second form of past tense in German, which we have not yet considered, is Präteritum.
Word order in german language
The rules of the German grammar establish a fixed word order in the German language. That is, unlike Russian, you cannot place the words in a sentence at your discretion. Each part of speech has its place, and it is subject to strict rules. The subject and the predicate, as well as other parts of the sentence, cannot be rearranged, otherwise the whole meaning will be lost.
German grammar suggests three types of sentences: motivational, narrative, and interrogative. In this table – the rules for interrogative and motivating:
The thin line underlines the subject, bold – predicate, intermittent – other parts of the sentence. The letter W stands for an interrogative sentence.
In the declarative sentence the verb will be second. But there are exceptional rules.
In German there are alliances that change and do not change the order of words. Their examples need to work with the teacher.
When using any modal verb: müssen, können, sollen, möchten, wollenila, the infinitive meaning should be at the end of a sentence.
If at the beginning there is an addition – this is a sentence with the reverse order. The key rule is that the verb will be the second.
Another rule for constructing a narrative is to say what happened, why, how, and at the end – where.
Conclusion: the rules of German grammar are not simple, but with the right approach, they will take a little time to learn. Systematically compile tables, charts, achieving your own understanding of the norms. All that failed to learn – discuss with your teacher. The last tip: never cram without understanding. Knowledge is needed to use it effectively.