There is a concept that many have encountered in life – “beer garden” (Biergarten). What is it and where did it come from? If SpeakStarter already writes about this, then we can assume that this is somehow connected with Germany. Yes, with Bavaria, to be precise.
Now there are beer gardens around the world and often so is called any institution in the open air, where beer is served. But everything is not so simple.
By the decree of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, beer could ferment and be stored only at low temperatures (4-8 degrees). Therefore, it was cooked in the cold season, namely, September 29 to April 23. At other times, making beer was forbidden. Once this led to the fact that Bavaria for the whole summer was left without a favorite drink! Therefore, beer, as it should be, was brewed in winter, and in summer it was stored and sold in cool cellars. Chestnuts are a marker of a beer garden. They were landed not at all for beauty. With their thick leaves, they protected beer cellars from the sun, and their surface roots did not tear down the vaults of the cellars. Another feature of the beer garden is a gravel surface, which, like chestnuts, was intended to keep the cellars cool. In order to cool the beer even more, the cellars burst out on the slopes of the head of the Munich River – Isar.
Initially, the idea consisted solely in the sale of beer, and only then the owners decided to install shops there. So that people do not have to go home with a beer on a hot summer day. A beer garden is a place where there are no separate tables, and everyone sits on long wooden benches at long wooden tables.
You can come to the original beer garden with your meal. At the beginning of the 19th century, the sale of food in such places was prohibited by the king. This was done in order to give odds to small breweries and urban beer, which crazy popularity of beer gardens threatened with bankruptcy. In some places, the tradition of bringing food with them has been preserved 200 years later.
Beer gardens have become not just a place to sell beer or a good beer, but a real cultural phenomenon. Thanks to the long tables, which were justified solely by their cheapness and spaciousness, beer gardens turned into a hotbed of the national spirit. People got to know and talked, so was the active urban communication.
That is how the beer gardens. This Bavarian flavor begins its history with a rather pragmatic system of selling beer in the summer. All this arose completely not by chance.